Skagway, Alaska – Gateway to the Klondike
Gateway to the Klondike
Skagway, Alaska, the Gateway to the Klondike, is possibly one of the most unique little “cities” of the world. Situated at the terminus of the Lynn Canal in Southeast Alaska, Skagway on its best day has about 750 year round residents. Yet, Skagway’s strategic place in history attracts well over one million visitors a year–and that’s within a four month period! The city itself is a National Park!
Why do so many come to Skagway?
Skagway and Dyea (about 10 miles from Skagway as the crow flies) were the two main gateways to the Klondike Gold Rush that occurred near Dawson City in the Yukon Territory. Although Dyea no longer exists, Skagway thrives today as a tourist town of profound interest. Skagway remains locked in history; mercantiles, brothels, bars, outfitters are now replaced with tourist shops, but the buildings and the wooden sidewalks remain the same. To visit Skagway is to literally step back in history about 120 years!
Why was the Gold Rush of 1899 so significant in world History?
At the time gold was discovered in the Klondike, there was a worldwide depression. The newspapers picked up the story and the rush was on. The Gold Rush of 1899 was the last great gold rush in North America, and it brought literally thousands of gold-thirsty prospectors to the North. The Klondike itself is approximately 150 miles across the border into Canada, but the best way to get there was through either Dyea and the Chilkoot Trail or Skagway and the White Pass. Most of the prospectors arrived in Skagway or Dyea toward the end of summer; consequently, they began their treacherous and danger-filled climb across one of the passes at the beginning of the rigid Arctic winter. Although many arrived in Dawson City, more either fled back to the water for a quick retreat or (worse yet) perished in their attempt.
What else can be seen in or near Skagway?
The White Pass Railroad was built at the Gateway to the Klondike: If you are a first time visitor to Skagway, this is a must. The train is the longest narrow gauge railroad in the world. Despite naysayers who said it could never be done, the railroad was built through the White Pass and is literally an engineering feat on par with the Panama Canal! Unfortunately, the White Pass
RR was completed too late to accommodate most miners, but it was used effectively during World War II to move troops back and forth into Canada for A and 1,000s ride it to the summit each season. It runs twice a day either directly from the cruise ship dock or from the downtown station—about a 5 minute walk from the port.
- The National Parks operates a great Gold Rush Museum at the corner of Broadway and Main that is well-worth the visit. Within the museum you will find an excellent historic FREE film about the Klondike Goldrush made available several times each day.
Haines, Alaska is about forty-five minutes from Skagway by water taxi, and it is a great little town. The most interesting thing to see in Haines is the Chilkoot Barracks—the first military post built in Alaska. In fact, Chilkoot Barracks was built before Alaska was even a territory.
- If you truly enjoy adventure, return to Haines in
October. There you will witness the Haines Bald Eagle Festival. Beneath the Chilkat River is a hot springs, so it is the last winter in the fall to freeze. Because of this, the Chilkat River is the last river in this area where the salmon come to spawn. The bald eagles seem to instinctively “know” this and they flock to the Chilkat River each October in astronomical numbers. I visited the festival one year, and it is possible during this time to see DOZENS of bald eagles in one tree.
- Skagway (Gateway to the Klondike) is a great place to fly over Glacier Bay. Skagway has a neat little airport and flights take off regularly each day during the tourist season to fly over Glacier Bay. You can either book on your cruise ship or in Skagway. It will cost you less to book in Skagway, so the choice is up to you. Regardless of where you book, the flights and the vistas are the same.
- Skagway can be a tourist trap, BUT if you wander off the main street (Broadway) only one block either direction, you will be astounded by the ambiance and charm of this unbelievably quaint little city.
- There are great hikes in and around Skagway. I recommend three hikes:
- Walk due east to the Gold Rush Cemetery and Reid Falls. Anyone in town can tell you the way. (You can’t miss it, and it is all level ground except the last few yards to the falls!)
- Directly above the Princess Cruise Ship dock you can hike either to Upper Dewey or Lower Dewey Lake. Both of these are severe climbs, so take water and wear good walking shoes.
- Possibly the most interesting “hike” in Skagway is the low-impact hike of simply walking around town. I highly suggest getting off Broadway and walking up and down a couple more streets. You will literally step back in time like very few places in the world. Try it! You’ll like it!